World Diabetes Day, on Nov. 14 every year, is the primary global awareness campaign focusing on diabetes mellitus.
World Diabetes Day was launched in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), and the the World Health Organisation(WHO) in response to the rapid rise of diabetes around the world.
Led by the IDF, each World Diabetes Day focuses on a theme related to diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes is largely preventable and treatable non-communicable disease that is rapidly increasing in numbers worldwide. Type 1 Diabetes is not preventable but can be treated with insulin shots.
Topics covered have included diabetes and human rights, diabetes and lifestyle, diabetes and obesity, diabetes in the disadvantaged and the vulnerable, and diabetes in children and adolescents.
While the campaigns last the whole year, the day itself marks the birthday of Frederick Banting who, along with Charles Best and John James Rickard Macleod, first conceived the idea which led to the discovery of insulin in 1922.
The theme for this year is: ‘Women and Diabetes – Our Right to a Healthy Future’, and activities include diabetes screening programmes, radio and television campaigns, sports events and others.